Men’s Health Rectal Bleeding

Rectal bleeding involves the presence of blood in the stools due to bleeding occurring in the rectum, which is the part of the gastrointestinal tract that occurs just prior to the anus. Know more about its causes and treatment, through this article.

Medically termed as hematochezia, rectal bleeding refers to the discharge of bright red blood from the anus, often combined with stools and/or blood clots. It usually develops quickly, and is commonly related to abdominal disorders. Although the blood discharge is usually from the rectum, in some cases, it can occur from other parts of the gastrointestinal tract. The bleeding is commonly observed in the form of black and tarry stools, maroon stools, bright red blood on or in the stool, blood on the toilet tissue, or pink staining of the toilet water. Mild or severe rectal bleeding in men can rapidly deplete a patient’s body of blood, hence resulting in symptoms like weakness, dizziness, nausea, fainting, low blood pressure, or orthostatic hypotension (a drop in blood pressure when going from the sitting or lying position to the standing position). It can be a mild or life-threatening matter, hence, needs immediate care and medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Causes

Anal Fissure: In this condition, the lining of the anal canal gets torn due to constipation or forceful bowel movements, which not only cause blood discharge but also severe pain while passing the stools.

Angiodysplasia: It is a vascular malformation in the gut, that causes gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding due to increased dilation of the blood vessels. It may cause anemia, if the bleeding is substantial. It occurs due to aging and degeneration of blood vessels.

Gastroenteritis: Also known as infectious diarrhea, it involves the infection of the GI tract by viruses like rotavirus, bacteria like Escherichia coli and Campylobacter , or other parasitic and non-parasitic microbial organisms. It causes diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach cramps. In case of sever infection, it also causes internal bleeding, which results in bloody stools.

Hemorrhoids (Piles): They are basically masses or clumps of tissues that enlarge due to chronic constipation or straining of the anus while passing hard or dry stools. This causes bleeding or anal discomfort. However, bleeding from hemorrhoids is usually moderate, and does not lead to anemia or low blood pressure.

Fistula: It is an unusual, burrowing channel that extends from the rectum to the skin around the anus. It usually drains a whitish discharge, but sometimes can also bleed. Fistula is normally related with the chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract, causing pain and bleeding while passing feces.